LGBT themes in mythology - Wikipedia
LGBT themes in mythology occur in mythologies and religious narratives that include stories of romantic affection or sexuality between figures of the same sex or that feature divine actions that result in changes in gender. These myths are forms of LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) . In Celtic mythology, no direct representation of gay or lesbian relationships. Throughout the epic, Gilgamesh and Enkidu's relationship suggest that there is love between them. They kiss and embrace frequently and in several scenes. Specifically, I will argue that Enkidu and Gilgamesh, David and. Jonathan, and Achilles and Patroclus each participated in a relationship that went beyond John Boswell, Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality: Gay People in .
Anu commanded the goddess Aruru to: Create a new hero, let them balance each other perfectly, so that Uruk has peace. Enkidu the brave, as powerful and fierce as the war god Ninurta. A trapper, upset because Enkidu was destroying his traps and therefore his livelihood, reported him to the king. Gilgamesh advised him to seek Shamhat, one of the priestesses of Ishtar, who dedicated their lives to what the Babylonians considered the sacred mysteries of sexual union.
Shamhat accompanied the trapper and used her sexual expertise to lure and calm Enkidu. They then headed back to Uruk. Along the way, Shamhat told Enkidu of a dream that Gilgamesh had had and which he had asked Ninsun, his goddess mother to interpret.
In his dream, Gilgamesh saw a bright star shoot across the morning sky, then fall at his feet. It lay before him, a huge people of Uruk came out to see it. They kissed its feet.
Gilgamesh took it in his arms, embraced and caressed it the way a man caresses his wife. Dearest child, this bright star from heaven, this huge boulder that you could not lift - it stands for a dear friend, a mighty hero.
You will take him in your arms, embrace and caress him the way a man caresses his wife.
British Museum - Same-sex desire
A young couple had just married and Gilgamesh was on his way to their home to take up his droit de seigneur. Gilgamesh got angry, there was a fight of epic proportions lots of grappling and limbs intertwined. Enkidu said some nice things about how strong he was and it being right that he was king, then: They embraced and kissed. They held hands like brothers.
They walked side by side. They became true friends. The next extracts come after Gilgamesh and Enkidu have killed the monster, Humbaba, guardian of the Cedar Forest, appointed by the god Enlil to protect it by terrifying men away. He fell ill, took to his bed and then died.
When he heard the death rattle, Gilgamesh moaned like a dove. But there is no evidence showing its existence to be certain that their relationship is sexual. Gilgamesh and Enkidu love each other like brothers. After Enkidu blocks the door of the bride chamber, we never hear about Gilgamesh sleeping with a woman and he even finds a reason to reject Ishtar.
These bits of evidence, however do not add up to a definite conclusion. Also, we do not know with any certainty what sort of sexual relationships were acceptable among Mesopotamian nobility, rendering the relationship between Gilgamesh and Enkidu even murkier.
LGBT themes in mythology
When we first meet Gilgamesh, he is a tyrant king who terrifies the people of Uruk. After meeting Enkidu and becoming his friend Gilgamesh transform into a hero worthy of memory. This transformative effect is also exacted on Enkidu, who Gilgamesh helps move beyond his fears.Miitopia - Part 29 - HE PROPOSED?!
The platonic love the two have for each other helps Gilgamesh become a better leader to his people by allowing him to better understand and identify with them.
When considered in tandem with the theme of death in the story, love and friendship can be viewed not only as a part of life, but as a necessary component to give existence meaning. In the Iliad, the relationship between Patroclus and Achilles was a very important part of the story.
The relationship contributes to the overall theme of the humanization of Achilles. Both of them had a deep and meaningful friendship. Achilles was tender towards Patroclus, while he is cold and overconfident towards others.
In the Iliad, it is clear that the two heroes have a deep and important friendship, but the evidence of a romantic or sexual element is not present.
Due to this strong relationship, the death of Patroclus becomes the prime motivation for Achilles to return to battle.