An Observation of the State-Federal Relationship
In the United States, federal grants are economic aid issued by the United States government " legal instrument reflecting the relationship between the United States Government and a State, a local government, or other entity when 1) the. for most of the administrative standards that apply to assistance programs. to begin the systematic gathering of data about Federal assistance relationships. Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) Staff project may include more than one type of assistance relationship, e.g., some components of project may be funded .
As federal-provincial relations have become more important, all governments have established offices, attached to the first minister, to oversee the province's intergovernmental affairs. Interprovincial Relationships In addition to the federal-provincial mechanisms, interprovincial relationships are also important.
Annual meetings of premiers have been held sincenot only to attempt to harmonize provincial policies but also to develop common provincial policies on matters of federal-provincial concern. On many issues such co-operation is limited by divergent political orientations and regional interests.
There are also 2 regional groupings of provinces, the Prairie Provinces Economic Council and the Council of Maritime Premiers, which hold regular meetings to resolve interprovincial issues and develop common positions.
The Maritimes Council has a secretariat and operates a number of joint programs for the region. Provinces have also established several interprovincial minsterial bodies. Despite their importance, federal-provincial relations have arisen in an informal and ad hoc way; they are nowhere mentioned in the constitution.
DOCUMENT ofhowever, does give a constitutional status to them, by providing a constitutional requirement for annual meetings of first ministers on the constitution and the economy.
It will also give greater prominence to intergovernmental relations in the shaping of major national institutions by providing for Federal-Provincial Relations joint selection of judges and senators, and by ensuring joint federal-provincial discussion of proposed new federal spending programs in areas of provincial jurisdiction. Merits Assessments of the importance and value of federal-provincial relations vary widely.
Federal-Provincial Relations | The Canadian Encyclopedia
Virtually all observers agree that a high degree of co-ordination between the 2 orders of government is essential to effective policymaking, and that many vital programs could not have been achieved without it.
But there have been many criticisms.
First, it has been argued that federal-provincial conferences have too often become forums in which governments exacerbate conflict as they compete for resources and popular support. Second, it is suggested that too great an emphasis on intergovernmental consensus leads to excessive delay and a subordination of policy to the lowest common denominator.
Supporters of a stronger federal government have argued that highly visible federal-provincial conferences give undue prominence to provincial governments as national policymakers, thus undermining federal authority. To the extent that intergovernmental agreements are made in the federal-provincial arena and then presented as faits accomplis to the 11 legislatures, it is felt that the process undermines responsible government and legislative sovereignty.
The high degree of interaction in financial and policy matters, it is argued, also undermines governmental accountability. A federal agency that provides federal awards must provide the following information to its recipients: Uniform Guidance 2 CFR The term research also includes activities involving the training of individuals in research techniques where such activities utilize the same facilities as other research and development activities and where such activities are not included in the instruction function.
Once the federal government sends funds to an agency, the following information summarizes the possible federal interagency pass-through relationships: Agencies must determine whether to account for federal funds as a pass-through or payment for goods and services. Use the chart below to assist in this decision: Determines who is eligible to receive the federal financial assistance.
Provides the goods and services within normal business operations.
Federal grants in the United States
Has its performance measured against whether the objectives of the federal program are met. A reinvigoration of state government began in the s, however, with the formation of The Advisory Committee on Intergovernmental Relations to strengthen federal-state-local relationships.445 Neuroplasticity Relationships - Mother Problems - Back Pain Healing - Fame, Shame and Back Pain
The last 30 years have been a period of more balanced federalism. Creative environment and energy legislation, novel education reform and inventive health policy all flowed from the states. The current economic recession, which began in Decemberis one of the greatest challenges to healthy federalism and to the ability of states to carry out their role as partners in the federal system.
Fiscal shortfalls and constitutional requirements for balanced budgets restrain the capacity of the states to maintain their traditional priorities in K and higher education, transportation and health care.
At the same time, the ability of the federal government to deficit spend, particularly as a counter to recession, allows it to expand its initiatives and, if it desires, direct states to act in particular ways at a time when it is very difficult for them to resist.
The Obama administration has expanded the use of the carrot in federal financial assistance to achieve its goals, particularly in education with the Race to the Top competition for funds. State and local governments still provide more than 90 percent of K education funding, but the federal government has found an effective means of nationalizing goals through its much smaller share of the funding.
Pushback has begun, however, with a number of states opting not to participate. Whether this is a temporary change in the state-federal relationship or a more permanent one remains to be seen. There certainly has been a growth in the percentage of federal funds in state budgets over the last 50 years, with Medicaid the big ticket item.
Medicaid is now the primary vehicle for the expansion of health care to the uninsured.