To test whether there is an association between socioeconomic status in childhood and measures of body mass index, waist circumference and. Children from families with lower income have a higher risk for obesity and have Socioeconomic status may play a role in both childhood obesity Jin and colleagues said the relationship between lower income and worse. Background: Previous studies have shown race/ethnicity, particularly African American and/or Hispanic status, to be a predictor of overweight/obese status in.
How Obesity Relates to Socioeconomic Status
Another theory postulates that the environment in which one lives at the beginning of life will or will not promote better opportunities and lifestyles.
Children with low socioeconomic status have fewer opportunities for sports and less access to physical activity and are less participative in physical activities within schools. This relationship with excessive weight gain in adulthood comes from the fact that, in addition to the regular practice of exercise as a child contributing to lower weight, sedentary individuals tend to maintain such a habit.
Individuals whose family history of better SS are the ones who practice most physical activity 17 Another factor related to childhood refers to feeding at this stage of life, which may influence future food choices and body weight.
Socioeconomic status in childhood and obesity in adults: a population-based study
Studies have shown that the dietary intake of a diet with more vegetables in adulthood is related to the better SS of childhood 10 In this research, differences between genders were found in the magnitude and direction of association of childhood SS and obesity. This fact can be explained by the implication that the socioeconomic disadvantage has on body weight, with a stronger effect among women 19which includes the difference in physical patterns imposed on men and women It is possible to suppose that there are specific cultural demands, by which the excess of corporal weight is covered in negative connotation especially among women.
Such demands can reach mainly women of better SS and who have more resources to care for their physical appearance In addition, men do less weight control, and potentially end up less influenced by issues related to parental control over healthy eating habits in childhood, which includes following a balanced diet Another issue to be discussed is the nutritional transition that Brazil is currently undergoing.
In high-income countries, men and women with lower SS are more obese, while in middle- and lower-income countries the opposite is true.
In Brazil, data from national surveys conducted from the s to — show that obesity in men has always remained more prevalent among those with higher SS In women, the profile of obesity has been changing, increasing in recent years among those with lower SS and currently reaching similar prevalences 11which also corroborates this difference between the genders in the association of obesity with SS.
Most of the studies on this subject analyze only the socioeconomic characteristics of the father as a form of measurement of childhood SS, and the profession is the most common variable.
The use of only paternal characteristics may be a limitation since other aspects of the environment in childhood are not analyzed and could also explain this association Despite possible loss of accuracy, this information is relatively stable over time and the results found are less affected by memory bias.
In addition, other studies have also used socioeconomic information from the family based on reports in adult life and presented results consistent with those of surveys that collected these data from a longitudinal perspective 8. Another limitation of the present study is the lack of data that could be used in the adjusted analyses of the research, referring to the children of the interviewees, such as family income at birth and parity.Socioeconomic Status & Childhood Obesity
We emphasize that there were no differences between the two samples regarding the education level of the study participants.
In addition, there are few studies on this subject in low- and middle-income countries, including Brazil. In conclusion, SS of parents during childhood influences BMI, WC and diagnosis of obesity in adults, indicating that public policies focused on childhood can be used to prevent obesity in adults.
- Socioeconomic status in childhood and obesity in adults: a population-based study
Studies on the effectiveness of policies show that it is necessary to develop interventions that can be incorporated into existing health practices and that are maintained in the long term, and those are more effective than specific actions and actions developed during a short period 2.
In addition, the results of this research indicate that actions directed at population groups that are more prone to obesity since childhood should consider differences related to gender. Most current policies are developed for groups with lower socioeconomic status, and especially for women 2.
Public policies may focus on boys from higher SS and girls from lower SS, who make up the groups most prone to obesity in adult life.
How Obesity Relates to Socioeconomic Status – Population Reference Bureau
Childhood socioeconomic position, adult socioeconomic position and social mobility in relation to markers of adiposity in early adulthood: How effective are interventions at reducing socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among children and adults?
Early markers of adult obesity: A study published in Social Science and Medicine used data for 67 countries representing all the regions of the world to examine how economic development, socioeconomic status, and obesity were related. In lower-income countries, people with higher SES were more likely to be obese.
Conversely, in high-income countries, those with higher SES were less likely to be obese. It may be that in lower-income countries, higher SES leads to consuming high-calorie food and avoiding physically tough tasks. But in higher-income countries, individuals with higher SES may respond with healthy eating and regular exercise.
But some developing countries, such as India, are facing continued high levels of malnutrition along with a rise in obesity. A study published in the Sociology of Health and Illness examined how weight and lifestyle were related, using data from 17 nations mostly in Europe. On the other hand, people who participated in activities such as watching TV, attending sporting events, and shopping had higher BMI.
These patterns were most consistent in high-income nations such as those in western Europe. For instance, men with a middle-class upbringing and lifestyle were almost as likely to be obese as those brought up in working-poor households but working now in lower-status jobs.