Historically, private security and law enforcement agencies have not to poor relationships between law enforcement and private security: 1) Like PRIDE, VAPPSA runs a Fast Fax System in order to share crime information. the blurring of what have been conventionally considered parallel systems, with private security as very much . POLICE / PRIVATE SECURITY RELATIONSHIP. 93 constitutional arrangements that assign criminal law matters to the various. I. Contribution of civilian private security services to crime prevention and community . dealt with separately by the criminal justice system. . individuals whose role is limited to one of “observe, deter, report and record” in relation to crime.
Private interest can not determine the public good. The economically empowered can not determine the life and opportunities of the economically deprived- at least, no more than they already do.
Private power must always be subject to social scrutiny and social accountability Wilsonp. As the paradigm of policing in Australia changes it is important that the changes are not left unchecked.
It is important that the changes are confronted head-on and appropriate parameters put into place to allow private industry growth in a context of social accountability. Accountability and Responsibility The authority and power of private police cannot be explained by reference and contrast to the powers of public policing. Private police do not enforce public law nor do they act as public police privately Sarre, p. In addition to the difference of ethos and function between the two forces, there is also a difference in the statutes and laws which regulate their operations.
While private police may appear like public police and even carry guns, they do not share the same authority and power under the law. Rick Sarre, in reference to the South Australian Commercial and Private Agents Act of proclaimed in points out that a private security agent license does not give the agent any power or authority to act in contravention or disregard of any law Sarrep.
Yet, statute clauses like these do little to define clearly what an agent cannot do, and are of little value in defining what an agent can do.
The South Australian Act, in reference to private agent authority, attempts to separate public and private policing powers and to align private policing with the rights and privileges under the law of any other citizen.
The Act does not, however, delineate legal powers. In theory, private police have no more authority than other citizens, but in reality the use and even abuse of power and authority by private police reach beyond the scope of ordinary citizens.
Stenning suggests that it would be more accurate to suggest that private police have no need for more powers than ordinary citizens and the property owners, bankers and corporations they represent.
In practice, however, private police and their employers are able to exercise power beyond the scope of public police and ordinary citizens. They are able to conduct searches, arbitrarily restrict people from private places and services and as instruments of their employers, restrict employment, housing or bank facilities to ordinary citizens Stenningp.
Private Security Officers of the Future – Criminal Justice Students - SecurityRI
These are powers not available to public police. Under the law, and under test of the law, private policing may have no specially designated authority, but in reality, private authority is self-defined and arbitrarily imposed in a situation that warrants it.
As employees of business and property owners, security agents exercise the same powers under the law ascribed to their employers. Stenning suggests that for the most part these powers extend from three areas of law: Under the law of contract, private policing organisations and personnel are able to contract as agents for their employers and act under their instruction and express the range of their authority. This allows agents access and control over places outside the normal jurisdiction of public police.
As agents for a property owner of a business, private police can enforce conditions of contract made between the property owner and the public. That is, where a customer or resident has entered into a contract by way of something as simple as purchasing a ticket or paying rent, a policing agent may demand to check baggage or restrict passage Sarrep.
Because of the nature of contractual law in such matters and peoples general ignorance of it, this authority is easily open to abuse by policing agents. Under the law of property, private property owners and their agents have the power to protect their property, eject strangers or subject invitees to stipulations prescribed by the owner.
This may include the use of force under certain circumstances Sarrep. Under industrial law; private police have the power to represent their principles in person searches, credit checks, or any other invasion of privacy or restriction of access or movement as deemed permissible under an employment contract.
This includes both direct and implied terms of contract Sarrep. The difficulty and hazard in executing these authorities is the use of force allowable under the law to carry out such delegated authority.
While it may be argued that private police have no more power and authority than ordinary citizens, or, on the other hand they have certain and delegated powers, the reality of a person in a uniform, wearing a weapon and conducting searches appears to the public as having similar powers as the public police.
While the law may provide guidelines and restrictions, in fact, private police enjoy more power than is often legally accredited to them.
The restrictions on the use of power are often not gauged by the requirements of the law but the requirements of insurance companies and the obligation to protect property.
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That is, private policing is more sensitive to legal liability then it is to judicial statute. Not only is private policing subjected to pressures beyond judicial code, in the form of economics benefit and civil action, but it is left to define law and order with little regard to public accountability. The problem with private agents representing corporate and personal interests is that those principles are relatively free to determine what is right and what is wrong in the context of what is good for the company.
What is good for the company may not coincide with what is good for the public. Indeed, this private ethic may determine to use security personnel and equipment to gain a corporate advantage over a competitor, by way of stealing information, as easily as protecting property from theft by its own employees Hindsp. Put simply, private policing accountability is a matter of priorities, and accountability to the principle is always the first priority and the civil and legal rights of others is only secondary.
Fundamental to private policing and the use of private force, are the issues of civil responsibility and duty of care Sarrep. Secondly, private agents should not seek to breach the law in the conduct of business and should be accountable to the law in all they do. While it is understood that private agents are not employed to uphold the law or to defend the law, at the same time, their behaviour should not contravene the codes or the meaning of the law.
The question of regulating private police and their activities is a difficult one to address because of the remodeling and paradigm changes that are taking place. Social expectations as well as the scope of private policing services remain unsettled. Shearing and Stenning suggest that private regulation is occurring in the industry through the natural forces of market place competition Shearing and Stenning The best students will find a way to gain long-term real world work experience.
Becoming a private security officer is an excellent starting point for determined criminal justice students interested in a career in law enforcement. Knowledge of the Legal System Criminal justice students take courses in the three components of the criminal justice system: Complete knowledge of the legal system will lead to greater performing private security officers as they will better understand the overall impact of the role of security in our society.
As private security officers, there are several different legal responsibilities and rights than public law enforcement professionals.
Criminal justice students are knowledgeable of such legal differences and are better equipped to act appropriately while on the job. This knowledge makes the student easier to train as well as an individual who greater understands his or her role in safety and security.
Staying Up to Date with Current Events and Research Criminal justice college students are learning every day, even when the textbook is never opened. There are events which unfold every day involving criminal justice personnel from the public sector and the private sector. These students are constantly discussing such events in a participative classroom setting, allowing for different perspectives to be shared regarding every situation.
Current day criminal justice students have the opportunity to understand modern security issues to a great extent. There are thousands upon thousands of peer-reviewed research journal articles which are available.