Man Spends His One Day Off Cleaning Veterans' Tombstones
Most people found it comforting to visit a gravestone or other memorial (see . a little ceremony when the headstone was put in place, or did you meet at the grave at Barry's mother, asked the stonemason to carve a lion on Barry's gravestone, Amanda asked the letter cutter to carve a daisy on the back of the stone for. "Sad". See more. year old tombstone (Democrats back then btw meant Republican by today's standard) Old . Man's best friend in this life and the next. This was found .. Beautiful I hope they are reunited now. Distraught lion.. Cypress. Meet Andrew Lumish, the owner of a cleaning company in Tampa, Florida, who spends man spends days off cleaning veteran tombstones.
When the dove returned to the ark with an olive branch from the Mount of Olives in its beak, it was a sign of God's forgiveness. It is now a common secular symbol. Dragon - Dramatically different interpretation between Eastern and Western cultures. In the Orient, the dragon protects humans from evil spirits and represents joy, health and fertility. But in Western cultures, the dragon possesses the negative traits of the snake, destruction, danger, depravity, and loss of innocence.
In Jewish tradition, mythical beasts like the dragon are messianic creatures. Also, a dragon being defeated by St. George depicts triumph over sin. Eagle - suggests courage and possibly a military career, symbol for Saint John.
Fish - indicates faith. Foo Dog - Guardian beings found at the gates of many Chinese cemeteries. Foo dogs are what resulted when Indian Buddhist missionaries described lions to Chinese artists who had no such creature lurking in their woods.
One male and one female foo dog guard each assigned entryway. The male, sitting on the right as you enter the gate, holds down a ball, sometimes painted gold. This signifies the authority of the man over the family's worldly affairs. The female, sitting on the left, holds down a kitten.
She rules the domestic life, including the raising of the children and the management of the household. These relationships, like all familial ties, persist into death. Frog - depicts sin and worldly pleasures, or may represent resurrection.
Fox - Cruelty, cunning. Hart male deer - represented either faithfulness, thirsting for God, or Christ slaying Satan. Hooped Snake - In 18th and 19th century New England, this symbol meant eternity.
Horse - Courage or generosity. An attribute of St. Victor, all of whom are represented in Christian art on horseback. It was in honor of the crusaders. Lamb - This is the most common animal symbol found on a child's grave. The lamb appears throughout the ages with great regularity in Christian art and because it is a symbol of Christ: The use of the lamb in religious art pre-dates Christianity and appears to have been used first by the Egyptians.
It signifies purity and innocence. Christ in his sacrificial role and personifies: Lion - Symbolizes the power of God and guards the tomb against evil spirits.
Like other guardians, the lion's watch is as eternal as the stone of which it is depicted. The lion also recalls the courage and determination of the souls which they guard; they manifest the spirit of the departed. Lion, Winged - St. Mermaids or Sirens - From mythology, which was a part of the Puritan's life. Sirens or mermaids were the messengers of Prosperina and were sent to carry the souls of the dead to Hades. Owl - Suggests wisdom. Ox, Winged - St. Peacock - Symbolized the incorruptibility of flesh, a symbol of immortality even St.
Augustine believed the peacock's flesh to have "antiseptic qualities" and that it didn't corruptthe peacock became a symbol of Christ and the Resurrection. Its image embellished everything from the Catacombs to everyday objects, like lamps, especially in early Romanesque and Byzantine churches. The peacock, for obvious reasons, was also used as a symbol for pride, too.
Pelican - Charity also reflects a longer story about their own blood Catholic meaning: The Pelican is a symbol of the atonement and the Redeemer and is often found in Christian murals, frescos, paintings and stained glass. The pelican was believed to wound itself in order to feed its young with its own blood. In the hymn "Adoro Te," St. It's a Greek symbol of the resurrection, beauty of soul, immortality, symbolized the incorruptibility of flesh, resurrection, beauty of soul, immortality.
Rooster - Awakening, the Resurrection. Serpent- Ancient Egyptian symbol for life and health.
The Definitive Guide to Choosing a Gravestone
Shown swallowing its own tail it represents eternity. Squirrel with a nut - Religious meditation or spiritual striving.
Snake - Sin, Satan, fall of man.
Snake, Hooped - Eternity. Snake with Tail in Mouth - Eternity, unity. Because its antlers resemble branches, the stag has been associated with the Tree of Life and because of the way it renews its antlers, it's been used as a symbol of regeneration.
In the West during the Middle Ages, the stag was often shown with a crucifix between its horns where, in Christianity, it represents purity and solitude and was the enemy of Satan, the serpent. The Celts believed the stag led souls through the darkness. The stag also was associated with warriors and hunting in Celtic culture and in Greco-Roman mythology where it was an animal sacred to Artemis. In Buddhism, the golden stag represents knowledge. The Chinese regard it as a symbol of virility and happiness.
Swallow - Indicates a child or motherhood. The Death's Head skull, skull and crossbones - On medieval monuments the death's head was used to represent Death, a reminder that death comes to everyone, as indicated by the words that later accompanied it, Momento Mori, meaning "Remember that you must die.
During the Renaissance period in Europe, it was common to illustrate the Eye of God surrounded by a triangle the Holy Trinity. The eye within the triangle, surrounded by a circle and radiating rays of light is used to symbolize the holiness of the true God. Hands - The use of hands in some form is very common on grave memorials. Hands, clasped - At first glance, these hands all seem to be in the same fashion but a number of interesting characteristics stand out.
First, most of the hands illustrate the right hand in a grasp with fingers overlapping the other hand while the left hand is open. This could be the depiction of a man holding a woman's hand and indicate marriage or a close bond between individuals, unity and affection even after death. Clasped hands are also symbolic of a farewell or last good-bye.
Look at the cuff to distinguish between a man's or woman's hand woman would have a frilly cuff. The person who died first holds the other's hand, guiding the spouse to heaven. Hand of God plucking a link of a chain - represents God bringing a soul unto himself. Hands holding - - A chain with a broken link - Symbolizes the death of a family member. It is typically seen on memorials of members of the Independent Order of Odd fellows. Hand pointing - - Downward - Mortality or sudden death.
Possibly a depiction of a secret Masonic handshake. Heavenly reward, ascension to heaven. The Cohen was the priestly caste. They perform a few specific functions in Orthodox Judaism, and have a few unique restrictions: People who are Cohen often have Cohen as their last name. This is the hand gesture made by Cohen at the end of services in Orthodox synagogues, it's a benediction, and had come to universally represent Cohens. Heart - Love, mortality, love of God, courage and intelligence. Heart Bleeding - Christ's suffering for our sins.
Heart Encircled with thorns - The suffering of Christ. Heart Flaming - Signifies extreme religious fervor. Heart Pierced by a sword - The Virgin Mary, harkening to Simeon's prophecy to Mary at the birth of Christ, "Yea, a sword shall pierce through thine own soul.
Heart Sacred - Usually found in Catholic cemeteries, this heart refers to the suffering of Christ for our sins. Skull, Wreath on - Victory of death over life. Circle - The circle is pre-Christian and its original symbolic meaning has been adopted by Christianity.
It is universally known as the symbol of eternity and never-ending existence. Extremely common on grave sites, its usual representation is a cross surrounded by circle.
Two circles, one above the other, represent earth and sky. Three interconnected circles represent the Holy Trinity. Cross - The ties between all religious beliefs and symbolism have always been strong. To the Christians the greatest symbolic message is in the crucifix. The crucifix or cross can generate many symbolic messages ranging from love, faith and goodness to terror and fear e. There are many different types of Christian crosses worldwide, but only a handful is common in North America.
Botonee Cross - So named because of its modified trefoil three-lobed ends, represents the trinity. Calvary Cross - A Latin cross standing on three steps or blocks, it signifies faith, hope and love. Love is sometimes replaced by charity.
Celtic Cross - The circle around the crosspiece symbolizes eternity. It's origin can be traced to the Celtic cultures of the British Isles. There is a legend of how St.
Patrick when preaching to some soon to be converted heathens was shown a sacred standing stone that was marked with a circle that was symbolic of the moon goddess. Patrick made the mark of a Latin cross through the circle and blessed the stone making the first Celtic Cross. The lower slanting shoulder represents the footrest of the crucified Jesus.
Greek Cross - It has four arms equal in length and is the traditional symbol of Christian faith. The equal length drawings of the cross is pre-Christian, and in paganism, represented the four elements—earth, air, fire and water. Ionic Cross - Similar to the Celtic Cross, it's ends flair outward. The ionic cross signifies everlasting salvation, love and glory. The circle around the crosspiece symbolizes eternity. Latin Cross - One of the oldest symbols of Christianity and the most commonly used form, it is also the simplest in design.
In early times, it was called god's mark. Latin Cross surrounded by circle or oval - Representing eternity or never-ending existence. The Eye of God surrounded by a triangle and a circle - symbolic of the eternity of the Holy Trinity.
Fleur-de—lis - Passion and love. Menorah or seven-branched candlestick - Jewish symbol for divine presence of God. The seven branches of the candlestick represents the seven days for the creation of the world by God. Ohm, Om, Aum - Within Hinduism symbolizes the unborn non-dualistic, omnipresent, impersonal Absolute, which incorporates all forms of life; which is life.
The sacred AUM symbol above represents both the unmanifest, nirguna, and manifest, saguna, aspects of the Absolute. Pentagram - This is a five-pointed, star-shaped figure made by extending the sides of a regular pentagon until they meet. This figure pre-dates Christianity and was first known to be used by Pythagoras, the Greek philosopher.
Later in the Middle Ages, the pentagram was used by magicians and sorcerers. It was believed that the pentagram offered protection against evil. Christianity adopted the figure and the symbolism to suggest the five wounds suffered by Christ on the cross. It is interesting to note that the pentagram is used by both Christianity and pagan beliefs such as modern day Wicca. It was supposed that a pyramid-shaped tombstone prevented the devil from reclining on a grave.
Square - It represents the earth and earthly existence. Some monuments have a cube or square inverted to point the corners downward and upward. This illustrates earthly existence and the directions of earth and heaven. Star A five-pointed star - Is symbolic of the life of Christ and may also represent the five wounds of Christ. Five-pointed pentagram star - This star is drawn with one stroke of the pen. Its exact origin is unknown, and its meaning has changed throughout the ages.
The pre-Christian Celtic priests called it the witch's foot. It is also called Solomon's Seal and was known in the Middle Ages as the goblin's cross. Today the symbol is a favorite among graffiti artists and so-called demonology practitioners.
Like the pentagon, it is believed to have protective powers against evil. In Wicca beliefs, it represents protection against demons and a symbol of safety. The ancient Babylonians used the symbol as a magic charm. The five-pointed pentagram star represents the five senses. To the Jews, it represents the five mosaic books. This symbol has also been adopted by Masonic organizations e. The star is actually made of two triangles. It signifies divine protection as epitomized by the alchemistic signs for fire and water which are an upward and downward apexed triangle.
The star is a very ancient symbol, used by several Asia Minor cultures, as well as some Greek city states. For Judaism, the Star of David came into widespread use at the beginning of the 20th century. Theodore Hertzel, a Jewish activist, adopted the symbol in his writings promoting Palestine as a Jewish homeland. Stars and Stripes Around Eagle -- Eternal vigilance and liberty. Often seen on military markers.
Swastika - Exact origin is unknown but it is considered one of the oldest and widespread symbols used. To the Chinese, the swastika had two forms symbolizing the male and female; clockwise and anti-clockwise. Means "all is well" in Sanskrit; ancient symbol, especially common in India; good luck or good fortune; commonly used in Hindu art, architecture and decoration source. Other geometric shapes representing the Holy Trinity are the trefoil, the triquetra, the circle within the triangle, the triangle in circle and the triquetra and circle.
To the ancient Egyptians, the triangle was an emblem of Godhead; to the Pythagoreans, it symbolized wisdom. Another use of the triangle is in the symbol of the eye eye of God surrounded by a triangle. The symbolism of this shape is always associated with its three sides, signifying a variety of triads such as birth, life and death; heaven, earth and human; mind, body and soul; body, soul and spirit; and father, mother and child.
In ancient Egypt, the triangle combined will, intelligence, and love to represent man's soul. The ancient Egyptians and the Mayans built stepped pyramids with temples at the top to represent the cosmic mountain. In magic and alchemy, the pyramid with its apex pointing upward represents fire or masculinity and when inverted, represents water or femininity.
These two triangles combined signify the unity of the elements in alchemy and, in Judaism's Star of David they stand for the union of opposites. The pyramid can also represent aspiration, the struggle to climb to the top and achieve one's earthly ambition or heavenly ascent. It denotes the two existential and controlling forces of the universe, the yin, the negative and passive feminine power depicted in black and on the left side of the circle, and the yang, the positive and active masculine power depicted in white on the right side of the circle.
Yin represents the soul, wetness, cold, darkness, the moon, the Earth and sustenance. Yang represents the spirit, light, heat, dryness, day, the sun, heaven, creation and dominance. The yin before the yang signifies primeval darkness before creation. The small circle of the opposite color contained within both the yin and the yang represents the seed of the other and therefore their interdependence. The sigmoid line dividing the yin and yang means dynamism and the two are contained within a circle of revolution and unity.
Anchor - Early Christians used the anchor as a disguised cross, and as a marker to guide the way to secret meeting places. A Christian symbol of hope, it is found as funerary symbolism in the art of the catacombs.
Often set amongst rocks. It can also be an occupational symbol in sea-faring areas or the attribute of Saint Nicholas, patron saint of seamen, symbolized hope and steadfastness. An anchor with a broken chain stands for the cessation of life. Ankh - The original meaning of this ancient Egyptian symbol is not known. One possible theory suggests that it combines the male and female symbols of Osiris the cross and Isis the oval and therefore signifies the union of heaven and earth.
It is usually portrayed in ancient Egyptian art in the hands of a deity. As a hieroglyph, it likely encompassed a range of meanings depending on its associated hieroglyphs but all of these expressions centered around the concept of life or life-force. Over time, the ankh certainly came to symbolize life and immortality, the universe, power and life-giving air and water.
The Coptic Christians used it as a symbol of life after death.
Bereavement due to suicide
The ankh has been used in magic and today it usually symbolizes peace and truth. Arch - Victory of life; or victory in death. Ark - Church, salvation. Ark of Noah - rare Refuge, salvation. Armor - Protection from evil. Arrow - Denotes mortality. Arrow, a Quiver of - Warlike. Angels - The agent of God, often pointing towards heaven; guardians of the dead, symbolizing spirituality. Angels are shown in all types of poses with different symbolism. Two angels commonly identified by the objects they carry: Michael, who bears a sword and Gabriel, who is depicted with a horn.
Carrying the departed soul - As a child in their arms, or as a Guardian embracing the dead.
The "messengers of god" are often shown escorting the deceased to heaven. Many angels gathered together in the clouds - Represents heaven. Angel Weeping - Grief, or mourning an untimely death. A classical ornament featuring honeysuckle or palmettes with foliage below; used singly on antefixes ornamental blocks concealing tile-ends at the edges of a roofor as a running ornament on friezes.
One type of ancient Greek palmette resembles honeysuckle flowers, another is more like a palm leaf. Both were used in bands of anthemion ornament. Baby's chair - Small, empty furniture symbolized unfulfilled lives of children; represented the child now gone; with small shoes on chair - connection to childhood, symbolized inability to achieve adulthood. Banner - Victory, triumph.
Bed - At rest. Bells - Call to worship. Bell, Deid - This was rung to give notice of funerals, and at the funeral itself; a small handbell, it was a favorite emblem north of the Tay, Scotland.
Bible - Connotes a religious lay person or a cleric. Black and white tiles - Checkered pattern or similar, represents good and evil.
Bones - Death and decay. One of the symbol set of the Memento Mori. See Hourglass, Sickle and Skull. Book - Faith, learning to read and write, a scholar. A prayer, or knowledge or even memory. It may represent the Book of Life and is often shown as a bible. A popular form is the book as a double page spread. Branch - Severed mortality. Bridge - Since antiquity, bridges have symbolized linking; between the earthly and heavenly realms, between the physical and the spiritual, or between life and death.
In modern psychoanalytic terms, bridges symbolize the transition from one state of being to another and the opportunity for change.
The bridge's near side represents the past, its opposite side the future, and water flowing underneath, the chaos of the unconscious mind. Broken Ring - Family Circle Severed. Bugles - Resurrection and the Military. Candle, with a flame — Life. Candle being snuffed - Mortality. Cannon — Military service. Chain - Means truth. Chains - Medieval thinkers sometimes held that a golden chain bound the soul to the body.
Broken links on a headstone can mean the severance and subsequent release of the spirit from the body. Chains are also the insignia of the International Order of Odd Fellows, so called because of their dedication to giving the poor decent burials. Chariot - Taking the soul to heaven. Cherubs - The graves of children. Cherub's Head - The soul. Children - Usually represent the untimely death of the innocent.
They may be shown mourning a parent, but if holding a skull that means they are dead themselves. Child Sleeping - Sleep is the tie between life and death; children are purity, artlessness, and innocence Chrisma - A cross like shape formed by a combination of two Greek letters, chi X and rho P corresponding to CH and R of the word, Christ, hence a symbol for Jesus Christ. Circle - Eternity or Earth. Cornucopia — A fruitful life. Cradle - Infant or child Crossed keys - St.
In psychoanalysis it signifies human emotions. It also can represent new beginnings and opportunities. Clouds- Atmospheric veil which conceals God from his worshipers. Coat of Arms - High social status and family lineage.
Columns, with archway - Heavenly entrance. Crescent Moon — Virgin. Cross and Anchor - Another early Christian symbol referring to Christ as "hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sincere and steadfast" Hebrews 6: Crescent Most often with a star - The deceased was probably a Muslim.
Crown - Immortality, righteousness, victory, triumph, resurrection, symbolic of honor or glory, glory of life after death.
May be shown being offered to those on Earth by Angels. Cross with Rays of Rising Sun - Glory. Cross with Winding Sheet - Descent from the cross.
Crown on a cross - Sovereignty of the Lord. Draperies, with their fancy frills and tassels, are more elaborate than a simple shroud. They allow the expression of mourning to linger long after the body has been taken out the front door and the accoutrements have been stowed for the next death in the family.
Symbols - express-leader.info
Curtains can also set the stage. Parted, they reveal a telling excerpt. What is important in such displays is the main actor or central object of the stone. Father Time — Mortality. Field artillery rare - The military profession.
Flag — Patriotism or member of the armed services. Figure with Dart — Mortality. Finger - Pointing to heaven up. Sudden death or God reaching down for the soul pointing down. Fluer-de-lis - Trinity, Virgin. Flyfot Gammadion, Hakenkreuz, swastika - Swastika. Garlands - Victory in death. Gateway - Carries much of the same symbolism as the door but the destination is less personal. It represents entrance to greater areas, the mystical, heaven or hell, spiritual palace.
A series of gateways can represent the stages of enlightenment. In dream interpretation, the gateway invites self-exploration.
It is a symbol of initiation, passing through the gateway into a new state of being.
Christian: The lion who lived on the King's Road - BBC News
Grim Reaper - Death personified. Hammer - This tool, used in building and shaping, represents the power of creation. Cecilia, patron saint of musicians. Symbolic of worship in heaven, hope.
Heart -Charity; the soul in bliss, love of Christ. Horns - The Resurrection. Hourglass - Time's inevitable passing, attribute of death and Father Time, represents the passage of time and the shortness of life.
Hourglass On its side - That time has stopped for the deceased. Incense - Worship, prayer, adoration. Keys - Keys stand for spiritual knowledge or, if held in the hands of an angel or saint, the means to enter heaven. Knot - The interlaced Celtic knot represents resurrection and life everlasting. Since the Roman emperor Constantine I used this symbol on his shield, overcame his enemy in battle, and consequently converted to Christianity, the labarum has been a symbol of Christianity.
In pre-Christian Greece it signified a good omen. It also represented the Chaldean sky god. Labyrinth - The passage of life. Lamb of Christ — Religious dedication and beliefs. Ladder - Passion, Jacob, aspiration. Kerb-sets are no longer permitted.
Stones must be non-reflective not polished. Ceramics and painted colours are not permitted. Although these rules may seem restrictive, you can overcome them by applying for special permission.
While churches strive to continue traditions, they do positively encourage creativity. Churchyard Headstone Guidelines Gravestone Costs The exact cost of a gravestone will vary according to the size, material, colour, finish, lettering and design.
Granite is the most widely available material, making it the cheapest in comparison to bronze and other stones. However, some colours are only quarried in small amounts, which can make them more expensive.
Delivery and installation is often included in the price. Delivery charges may be added to the bill if an order falls short of a certain price or is outside of a proposed radius. Although all gravestones are unique, specific bespoke services can also vary in price.
Some memorial services will offer payment plans to help ease the pressure. Local stonemasons may also agree to these terms if you speak with them directly and explain your situation. A good example of spreading the payments is where a stonemason takes a small deposit at the time of order, i.
It should be noted that the manufacture of your gravestone will only commence once permission has been received from the cemetery or church. Manufacture typically takes 10 weeks after which the gravestone will be fixed.Lion Sees His Adoptive Dad After 7 Years - Truly Heart-warming
Any remaining payments will usually be made either just before fixing or within the week or two that follows.
Burial Ground Fees Burial ground fees can also significantly vary depending on the churchyard and cemetery. These fees will cover the cost of excavation, matting and cemetery staff attendance. Additional burial fees may be required if you want the grave to be in a specific place.
- Christian: The lion who lived on the King's Road
Burial ground fees can also change depending on the size of the grave, age of the deceased, and whether or not you are a local resident. Your stonemason will normally arrange for the payment of fees on your behalf but it must be noted that they are not included in the cost of the gravestone.
Timescale and Installation Gravestones are usually erected six to twelve months after the burial but this time can vary greatly depending on individual circumstances.
For example; some cemeteries will already have laid a concrete Raft or Beam which runs along the head ends of a line of graves.
In these cases a gravestone an upright headstone can be ordered as soon as it suits the bereaved family as there is no need to wait for settlement of the grave. Conversely, if permitted, a full kerbed type of gravestone one with edging that covers the whole graveis best not installed for at least 12 months following the burial.
In the case of interment of ashes, virtually no settlement time is required due to the relatively small nature of the hole that has to be cut into the grave. Whilst families can often be very keen to have the gravestone installed, it is best not to have it fixed earlier than is recommended by the stonemason. The gravestone to a loved one will be there for a long time and if it means that the installation will just miss an important date First anniversary of the death or a birthday etcthis should be accepted as the longer you give the grave the chance to settle, the greater the chances are that the gravestone will remain stable and upright.
It should be noted that however long you leave the fixing, it is likely that the gravestone will move at some point, be it ten years later or if unlucky, within days of the fixing: Your stonemason will always fix the gravestone in the most suitable way you must remember that they cannot control the movement of ground!
Non-accredited masons and fixers will be unable to work in any cemetery which has signed up to one or other of these schemes. BRAMM was formed in to promote a higher standard of memorial construction. All of their licensed fixers have passed a written and practical test to prove their competence in the fixing of memorials. British Register of Accredited Memorial Masons: Official Website Preservation and Cleaning Gravestones will often deteriorate over time due to weathering; however, there are various preservation and cleaning techniques that you can use to help increase longevity and limit the effects of discolouration.
Consolidator Conservair is a consolidator made by a company named Prosoco. It will penetrate into the surface of gravestones and help re-bond their structure. Most sealants will hold moisture in voids, which can cause expansion and further damage; however, Conservair will fill these voids and prevent moisture from building up.
Conservair is only effective for use with sandstone, limestone and marble. For the most effective result, consolidators should be applied to gravestones before they are erected. However, these chemicals are not recommended as they can trap moisture and cause adverse effects. Over time gravestones will accumulate deposits from hard water, dust, dirt, mould, lichens and fungus.
Without any knowledge you could do more harm than good. Limestone and Sandstone With a hardness of only on the Mohs Hardness Scale, limestone and sandstone are among the softest materials used for gravestones. To clean, mix a cup of non-ionic soap in a bucket of distilled water and use a natural bristled brush to wipe the surface. Do not use metal wire brushes, acidic cleaners, household cleaners or pressure washers.
Doing so could cause the gravestone to crumble. Marble Marble has a hardness of on Mohs Hardness Scale, making it tougher than sandstone and limestone, but not as durable as granite. This will remove any moss, algae and lichen.
Rinse off the cleaning solution with distilled water when you have finished. Granite Granite is the strongest material with a hardness of on Mohs Hardness Scale. When cleaning granite, mix a cup of non-ionic soap in a bucket of distilled water and use a non-metallic scouring pad to scrub the surface. This will remove calcium deposits.