Who is King Cyrus, and why did Netanyahu compare him to Trump? | The Times of Israel
The King who allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem and build the 2nd Temple was Cyrus the "Great", he lived until Donald Trump got. This king treated the Jews favorably and released the former Judaic king Two hundred years before Cyrus was born, Isaiah predicted the king's reign. Was the Persian king Cyrus who permitted the Jews to return to their land and a new insight into their relationship with God, their commitment to His Torah.
A number of differing accounts of his birth, youth, and ascent to the throne have come down from ancient writers Herodotus and othersbut they apparently belong mainly to the realm of legend.
Extant inscriptions from his time, chiefly from Babylon, provide reliable sources of information about him see Pritchard, Texts, — Cyrus' first important act was to conspire against Astyages, king of Media, toward which end he entered into an alliance with Nabonidus, king of Babylon. The army of Astyages betrayed him, and Cyrus seized control of the Median kingdom in B.
This conquest brought him into conflict with Lydia in Asia Minor, a kingdom that wished to profit from the fall of Media. In Cyrus defeated Croesus and conquered his kingdom of Lydia. The conquest of Asia Minor was completed when Persia seized control of the many Greek cities on the coast. Apart from these wars with neighboring empires, he campaigned against various tribes, chiefly on the northern and eastern borders of his kingdom.
In a battle with one of these tribes — the Massagetae — he was killed. His conquests had created the most extensive empire yet known. Cyrus holds a special place in the history of Israel. In these passages he appears both as one destined to save Israel and to fulfill for it a certain mission on behalf of the God of Israel Deutero-Isaiahand as one whose edict and command served as a foundation for the return to Zion and the erection of the destroyed temple Ezra.
Apparently the successes of Cyrus, particularly the preparations and steps that indicated that a struggle between him and Babylon was pending, were in part responsible for rousing Deutero-Isaiah to utter his prophecies on the imminent redemption of Israel and the impending destruction of Babylon.
The hopes of the prophet are clearly expressed in chapter The Samaritans asked to join in the project, saying that they had been offering sacrifice to Jehovah since the days of the Assyrian conquest see Ezra 4: The Jews flatly refused their help, and the Samaritans in anger openly opposed the project see Ezra 4: Because of this interference from the Samaritans and because of indifference that arose among the Jews see Haggai 1: The local governor and the leaders of Samaria attempted to obstruct the project.
The Jews appealed to Darius, eventually proving that they were doing only what Cyrus had granted them permission to do.
So they were allowed to continue their project see Ezra 5—6. The temple was finished in B. The second temple did not compare in splendor to the temple of Solomon, for the people were very poor at the time they built it.
There is no mention of Zerubbabel after the temple was completed. After his time, the leadership of the community was held by the priests. This theocratic government was permitted by the Persians and for a time by Alexander the Great. Persia fell to Alexander the Great. Another source states that Ezra came in B.
In any event, there is a span of about three generations between the first return and the return of Ezra and Nehemiah. During this period, Persian culture reached its greatest height, as evidenced by the impressive ruins standing at Persepolis, the capital of the Persian Empire. The luxury of the Persian court is described in the book of Esther. Little is known about Jewish life during this period.
In view of the reforms initiated later by Ezra and Nehemiah, a strict adherence to the laws of Moses was evidently not observed. The priests intermarried with their non-Israelite neighbors, and the city of Jerusalem was allowed to further deteriorate. Ezra seems to have held some kind of important court office, and he was accredited as a special envoy to reorganize the temple services at Jerusalem.
Nehemiah was a royal cupbearer in the Persian court see Nehemiah 2: Since assassination was an ever-present danger for kings anciently, and poison was often employed, the cupbearer held a highly trusted position in the court. See Samuel Fallows, ed.
The restoration of Jerusalem, which had lain in ruins for a century and a half, was begun. Ezra, a righteous, dedicated priest, joined Nehemiah in the work, and together they succeeded in restoring a Jewish community in Jerusalem once again. Psalm 48 is a song celebrating the restoration of Jerusalem.
It shows how Jewish confidence was then revived. Judah remained in peace throughout the duration of the Persian Empire. Jewish tradition relates how Alexander was met by the high priest in Jerusalem and was read the prophecies of Daniel that one of the Greeks would destroy the Persians see Daniel 7: Alexander, supposing this meant himself, rejoiced and accepted the Jewish nation without going to war against them.
According to present-day Jews, Diaspora is a correct designation for all Jews still living outside of Eretz Israel land of Israel. The term Diaspora refers to the scattering of the house of Israel into countries other than the Holy Land. Latter-day Saints know that the entire house of Israel was scattered, but, as used by most scholars, the word Diaspora is applied principally to the dispersion of the Jews throughout all the earth.
The Lord through His prophets long ago foretold the scattering or dispersion of Judah and all of Israel throughout the world. The first major dispersion of Israel began with the Assyrian conquest of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, which resulted in the captivity of that nation in B.
Who is King Cyrus, and why did Netanyahu compare him to Trump?
Although the first significant Jewish Diaspora resulted from the Babylonian exile, small colonies of Jews made their way to Egypt before this exile. The Jews spoken of by Jeremiah settled near the delta of the Nile.
They repudiated Jehovah completely, impudently asserting that it was worship of Him that had caused all their misery and disaster. Other groups of Jews who came to Egypt shortly before and during the Babylonian sieges of Jerusalem were hospitably received, and they prospered.
Cyrus the Great in the Bible - Wikipedia
They established Jewish quarters in several of the larger cities there. Many of them attempted to transplant to this new home the pattern of their religious life. Such was the case at Elephantine, where archeological discoveries reveal that a Jewish colony constructed a temple similar to the one in Jerusalem.
Nebuchadnezzar deported to Babylon large groups of Jewish exiles between B. Gradually, in the centuries from B. An eminent historian discussed the existence of dispersed Jews in other parts of the Roman Empire at the time of the Christian era: There were particularly important Jewish centers in the capital Antioch, in Damascus, and in Apamea. According to Philo, numerous Jews lived in Syria and in Asia Minor, where the settlement of Jews was greatly promoted by the policy of the Seleucid kings, whose rule extended over large areas of Asia Minor.
From the period of the Roman rule at the end of the republic and the beginning of the Julio-Claudian principate there is clear evidence of the existence of Jews in most of the important cities of Asia Minor, in Adramyttium, Pergamum, Sardis, Ephesus, Tralles, Miletus, Iasus, Halicarnassus, Laodicea, Tarsus, and very many others, as well as in the regions of Bithynia, Pontus, and Cappadocia.
Inscriptions also attest to Jewish settlements in various places in the Peloponnesus the district of Laconia, the city of Patrae, Tegeain Athens, and in Thessaly. Instead of asking directly about the order, she invites the king and Haman to a banquet the next day.
During the banquet, the king again asked Esther if there is anything she wants, and this time she asks the king to spare her life and that of all of the Jews. The king asks who was threatening them, and she names Haman. Haman throws himself at her feet; the king thinks that Haman is attacking her and orders him to be put to death, and gives all Haman's possessions to Esther. Esther tells the king about Mordecai's role in her life, and the king makes Mordecai his highest advisor.
Esther then asks the king to revoke the order, and king allows Esther and Mordecai to do so, however they wish.
They send out an order in the king's name that Jews can assemble and defend themselves, and can kill anyone who threatens them, and their families, and take their goods. On the thirteenth day of Adar, the same day that Haman had set for them to be killed, the Jews do so in one city, killing people but not taking plunder, and they kill around 75, the next day again not taking plunder, and then they feast.
Purim The Jews established an annual feast, the feast of Purimin memory of their deliverance. Haman set the date of Adar 13 to commence his campaign against the Jews. This determined the date of the festival of Purim.