Laozi - Wikiquote
Lao Tzu means 'Old Master,' and he was believed by some to be a God-realised being. Ever desireless, one can see the mystery; ever desiring, one sees only but it has also influenced Confucianism and Chinese Buddhism, and is ultimately write down the insights he felt Lao Ttzu wanted us to know. As far as we know, Confucius and Laozi both lived approximately five hundred years and emphasized the correctness of social relationships among people, which included But he made no claim to divine knowledge, and his learning, while vast, was acquired. . wonderful, mysterious, marvellous. Confucius was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn His teaching and philosophy greatly impacted people around the world and remains .. believes Confucius was a Divine Prophet of God, as were Lao-Tzu and other Carvings often depict his legendary meeting with Laozi.
The most convincing theory is that there were a large number of proverbs wise sayings that were part of the Taoist teaching. They were memorized and passed on from teacher to pupil. Eventually the best of these sayings were collected and edited into the book, which was then given the title Tao te ching. A study of the style and grammar of the work reveals that it must have been put together around the fourth century B.
Lao Tzu's Tao te ching has confused its readers for centuries. Its language is extremely short and unclear. Much of the text is rhymed.
Although the work is divided into chapters, the passages in a chapter do not always refer to the same subject. Thus, it hardly qualifies as a well-organized book of philosophical teachings. The most important concept developed in Lao Tzu's Tao te ching is tao. Tao literally means "road" or "way. Tao stands as the force behind the universe.
There is even an indication that it is the universe itself. An important quality of the tao is its "weakness," or "submissiveness. Thus, the Tao te ching places strong emphasis on nonaction wu weiwhich means the absence of aggressive action. Man should not strive for wealth or fame, and violence is to be avoided. This peaceful approach to life was extremely influential in later periods and led to the development of a particular Taoist way of living that involved special breathing exercises and special eating habits that were designed to maintain calmness and harmony with the tao.
For More Information Heider, John. The Tao of Leadership: Humanics New Age, Kohn, Livia, and Michael LaFargue, eds.TAOISM vs CONFUCIANISM -- English subtitles
Lao-Tzu and the Tao-Te-Ching. State University of New York Press, Edited by James Legge. Bob Jhvksdjhv May 30, 8: At the western gate of the city or kingdomhe was recognized by the guard Yinxi.
Lao Tzu Biography - life, name, death, school, book, old, information, born, time
The sentry asked the old master to record his wisdom for the good of the country before he would be permitted to pass. The text Laozi wrote was said to be the Tao Te Ching, although the present version of the text includes additions from later periods.
In some versions of the tale, the sentry was so touched by the work that he became a disciple and left with Laozi, never to be seen again. Others say he was the Buddha himself. Laozi pretended to be a farmer when reaching the western gate, but was recognized by Yinxiwho asked to be taught by the great master.
Laozi was not satisfied by simply being noticed by the guard and demanded an explanation. Yinxi expressed his deep desire to find the Tao and explained that his long study of astrology allowed him to recognize Laozi's approach.
Yinxi was accepted by Laozi as a disciple. This is considered an exemplary interaction between Taoist master and disciple, reflecting the testing a seeker must undergo before being accepted.
9e. Taoism and Confucianism — Ancient Philosophies
A would-be adherent is expected to prove his determination and talent, clearly expressing his wishes and showing that he had made progress on his own towards realizing the Tao. Yinxi received his ordination when Laozi transmitted the Tao Te Ching, along with other texts and precepts, just as Taoist adherents receive a number of methods, teachings and scriptures at ordination.
This is only an initial ordination and Yinxi still needed an additional period to perfect his virtue, thus Laozi gave him three years to perfect his Tao. Yinxi gave himself over to a full-time devotional life.
After the appointed time, Yinxi again demonstrates determination and perfect trust, sending out a black sheep to market as the agreed sign.
He eventually meets again with Laozi, who announces that Yinxi's immortal name is listed in the heavens and calls down a heavenly procession to clothe Yinxi in the garb of immortals.
The story continues that Laozi bestowed a number of titles upon Yinxi and took him on a journey throughout the universe, even into the nine heavens. After this fantastic journey, the two sages set out to western lands of the barbarians. The training period, reuniting and travels represent the attainment of the highest religious rank in medieval Taoism called "Preceptor of the Three Caverns".
In this legend, Laozi is the perfect Taoist master and Yinxi is the ideal Taoist student. Laozi is presented as the Tao personified, giving his teaching to humanity for their salvation. Yinxi follows the formal sequence of preparation, testing, training and attainment.
Confucius and Laozi, The Great Philosophers of the East
As Taoism took root, Laozi was worshipped as a god. Belief in the revelation of the Tao from the divine Laozi resulted in the formation of the Way of the Celestial Mastersthe first organized religious Taoist sect. In later mature Taoist tradition, Laozi came to be seen as a personification of the Tao. He is said to have undergone numerous "transformations" and taken on various guises in various incarnations throughout history to initiate the faithful in the Way.
Religious Taoism often holds that the "Old Master" did not disappear after writing the Tao Te Ching but rather spent his life traveling and revealing the Tao. He supposedly remained in her womb for 62 years before being born while his mother was leaning against a plum tree.
The Chinese surname Li shares its character with "plum". Laozi was said to have emerged as a grown man with a full grey beard and long earlobes, both symbols of wisdom and long life. In his last incarnation as Laozi, he lived nine hundred and ninety years and spent his life traveling to reveal the Tao. As with most other ancient Chinese philosophersLaozi often explains his ideas by way of paradox, analogy, appropriation of ancient sayings, repetition, symmetry, rhyme, and rhythm.